Lemon is a popular fruit that people use for a variety of reasons. We use it for cooking, drinks, as a cleaning agent and as part of our beauty regimen. Lemons are also a good source of vitamins and nutrients. Its benefits are endless that it becomes an essential part of our grocery shopping list.
If you use lemon a lot, then growing lemon trees at home is a practical way to save money. Growing this citrus fruit is also not that hard. You can also plant the lemon tree in a pot or container. And if space is a problem, then growing lemons indoor is also possible.
Here is a complete guide on how to grow lemon trees in a pot.
Which variety of lemon trees is best to grow in a pot?
Meyer and variegated pink Eureka are varieties of the lemon family that are both suitable for containers and indoor. These lemon varieties don’t grow too high. They also both produce fruits all year round, especially when grown in a warm climate.
Meyer lemon is also sweeter than the regular lemon and is known as the easiest lemon tree to grow indoor. Eureka lemon, on the other hand, is more acidic than Meyer lemon. But like the rest of citrus family, both are sensitive to cold weather that it can’t survive below 20 degrees Fahrenheit for temperature.
What do you need?
- A two-to three-year-old lemon tree that you can buy from a local nursery. You can also start with the seeds but it takes longer to see the tree grows. Lemon trees start producing fruits between 3 to 5 years old. So if you want to cut down the waiting time, selecting a plant that produces fruits in a shorter time is a better choice.
- A medium-sized pot with drainage holes. Depending on how fast it grows, you might have to change the pots every couple of years. Just make sure that it is always bigger than the root ball of the tree.
- A supply of slow-release fertilizer or liquid fertilizers to make sure the lemon tree gets constant nutrients.
- Slightly acidic potting mix.
- A constant supply of water and sunshine.
How to transfer the lemon tree to a new pot
1. When you remove the lemon tree from its nursery pot, make sure to avoid breaking the roots. Take out the roots from the soil carefully. Massaging the roots before you transfer it to the new pot, also helps absorb nutrients faster.
2. Fill the pot halfway with soil mix. Then, position the tree upright and fill the pot with the rest of the soil mix. Make sure that no roots are exposed outside the soil. Also, avoid putting soil on the branches as it can cause fungal infections to the tree.
3. Water the lemon tree immediately after transferring it. The soil must be damp enough but not waterlogged. This way, the soil is habitable enough for the new tree to adapt.
Tips on how to grow the lemon trees properly
Aftercare is an important part of growing a healthy lemon tree. To ensure that your tree will produce fruits, it is a must that you follow the tips below.
1. Water the lemon tree once to twice a week. Avoid overwatering or under watering the plant as it will affect the fruit production. The drainage holes in the pot help avoid overwatering. But keep in mind that it is important to keep the soil from drying. Check the soil every few days. Stick your finger on the soil to check if it’s dry. If you notice that the soil is a bit dry, then it is time to water the tree again.
2. Potted lemon trees produce better when it’s fertilized properly. Using slow-release fertilizer helps the plant gets constant nutrients. It is also more practical as part of the maintenance process as you only need to apply it once a year. However, if you want to control more the number of fertilizers, then applying nitrogen-rich fertilizers every few months will work too.
3. Lemon trees are sensitive to cold weather and strong wind. So avoid placing them in windy areas and put them where it can get at least 8 hours of sunshine every day. If you are going to place the tree indoor, make sure it is located near a window to get proper sunlight.