A beautiful small flower that comes in numerous shades, marigold is a herbaceous plant belonging to the family of sunflowers. It has become a popular choice among a lot of people for a simple reason that it does not demand too much. Neither does it care much about soil conditions, nor about the season.
Calendula and Tagetes are the two genera of marigold which include about 50 different species of the flower. The genus Calendula is native to the Mediterranean, Western Europe, Micronesia, and southwestern Asia. This genus is of about 15-20 species.
On the other hand, the genus Tagetes is native to North and South America. Despite its native background, some of its species have become popular across the globe.
Some of these species have been used traditionally in some parts of the world. In the ancient times, Romans and Greeks used to wear garlands or crowns made of golden calendula. People in India have been using marigold flowers to decorate the statues of Hindu deities for quite a lot of time.
There’s a lot about these beautiful flowers that can one grasp. We’ll discuss different varieties of marigold flowers that are found enhancing the beauty of yards, and sidewalks.
Tagetes Cottage Red
Discovered in Mexico, this single, bright-red flower blooms all through the summer season. The petals of this beautiful flower are spade-shaped and have squared-off tips. It is believed to be a hybrid one. Butterflies and bees love to visit the blooms of cottage red. They grow best when exposed to the full sun, and any average well-drained soil. It is best suited for cutting gardens and mixed plantings.
Bon Bon Yellow Calendula
A bushy variety, it produces bright yellow double flowers that are generally considered to decorate mixed borders and containers. The fragrant daisy lemon yellow flowers have brown eyes at the end of the stems. In the past times, people used it as a replacement of saffron to give a rich color to the butter and cheese. It has also been used to treat smallpox and measles. Also, on the battlefields, soldiers would use it as a dressing for the wounds.
Tagetes Erecta Antigua Orange
Best known for its bright orange and yellow golf-ball shaped flowers that bloom to about three inches. Since they don’t get sad because of the extreme hot weathers, a lot of people choose to plant them in their garden bed or containers and borders. An added advantage of Antigua orange species is that it goes well with almost every edible or blooming garden plant. Tomatoes, beans, carrots, and cabbages are some of the plants that benefit from marigold as their companion plant.
Tagetes Erecta Doubloon
Also known as American marigold and African marigold, Doubloon produces large, fully double golden yellow flowers that rest on sturdy stems. The dark green ferny foliage has an aromatic smell which is quite distinctive. Whether the climate is warm or there’s heavy downpour, the doubloon marigold stands upright throughout the period. The plants of nematode-susceptible vegetables make good companions of the doubloon marigold because the roots of the latter emit a substance that deters root nematodes.
Park’s Whopper Yellow Marigold
Belonging to the genus Tagetes and the species, erecta, these fully double flowers that grow in the form of 4 inch balls attract both the butterflies and the humans. Whopper is a new standard for large marigold flowers. Unlike some of the other varieties, whopper yellow doesn’t get to rest on their laurels after a couple of blooms. They keep blooming all season long. If you plant them close, they would look like a solid wall of flowers which hides under them the foliage and ground.
Janie Deep Orange Marigold
Scientifically known as Tagetes patula, Janie Deep Orange is the most floriferous French marigold out there. The curls on this marigold resemble that of the carnation ones, which make both of these flowers look identical. This variety of marigold is known to tolerate extremely hot climatic conditions, and they grow well when the soil is kept warm throughout the process. It is ideal for container planting, border edging, and mass planting. One great thing about this flower is that deer don’t care about its presence in the garden and leave it alone to let it grow.
Safari Red Marigold
Since it belongs to the genus Tagetes, it is also called French marigold. Safari Red produces compact and large-flowered blooms with quite a lot of deep orange-red, gold-tipped petals. Any pH of the soil is ideal for safari red marigold flowers to nourish. It has got fern green fragrant foliage which and does not have any thorns. Butterflies love the colors of this flower and they are attracted towards it. It generally blooms for an entire season before you need to replace it in the next season.
Mr. Majestic Double Marigold
It is the most unique marigold with double blooms that have alternating colors on the petals. There’s nothing challenging about planting and growing this variety of marigold which makes it popular for crafting purposes. This beautiful and attractive flower attains a height of about 16 inches to the maximum. If you deadhead it regularly and properly, the flower will bloom all summer long. Frost has the ability to halt its growth and bloom.
This mound shaped biennial has daisy-like bright yellow flowers. It is a North American species of the marigold which is native to the Mexican deserts and the southwestern United States of America. Desert Marigold, also called Baileya multiradiata, is mostly found in the states of Durango, California, Nevada, Texas, and Arizona. The foliage of this short-lived perennial is grey in color and has the texture of wool.
Bon Bon Orange Marigold
Pot marigold is the other name of Bon Bon Orange marigold. It has got double orange flowers on the stems that grow relatively fast and deliver bright sunny shade all through the season. Originally originated in the Mediterranean and Europe, it grows better in well-drained soil and enough sun exposure. Just like regular lighting and watering, you have to deadhead it regularly to encourage continuous flowering. The flowers of this marigold attract bees and butterflies. Its petals can also be used as edibles to add flavor to the food and salads.