Lend some colorful accents to your surroundings with the beautiful plant of Bougainvillea Bonsai. It is a tropical plant that comes in several colors like orange, bright red, white, purple and pink. Originated in South America and native to Peru, Brazil, and Colombia, it is considered as a subtropical species that is known for its large-sized flowers. Their branches resemble that of a vine and can be pruned into Bonsai.
This plant has a beautiful display of flowers with an interesting branch structure and a thick trunk. Depending upon their species, Bougainvillea Bonsai can be grown against a fence, in the containers, as hedge, ground cover, in tree form, and more.
How To Grow A Bougainvillea Bonsai
Bougainvillea Bonsai plants are not different from Bougainvillea Vines. But if you want to grow a Bougainvillea Bonsai, you need to start by selecting a good container with excellent drainage.
Purchase a small Bougainvillea in springtime. Keep the plant in a small container, brush the soil from its roots, and prune one-third of its roots.
Now prepare a growing medium with equal parts of perlite, pine bark, peat moss, and potting soil. Add the medium in the one-third of the container and keep the plant into its center. Tamp the soil down firmly and stop an inch below as you are about the rim.
Once you have planted, it will require sunlight to thrive all day long. Always keep the plant where the temperature is above 40 degrees. Make sure that you prune the plant during the growing season and do shape the plant to enhance its center trunk.
Bougainvillea Bonsai also grow their best when the weather is warm.
Care Instructions For Bougainvillea Bonsai
Bougainvillea Bonsai care is as important as correct planting. Here are the care instructions to follow to make your Bougainvillea Bonsai grow its best.
If this plant does not get enough amount of sun, it will not show its full colors and hues.
Bougainvillea Bonsai comes from the USDA zones 9B-11 and does not grows below 30 degrees Fahrenheit. This plant cannot withstand freeze; especially the newly planted ones.
Pruning and Styling
The care of Bougainvillea Bonsai includes trimming at regular intervals. You can trim the foliage at any time of the year, but make sure that you do not trim off the bracts when they have started to gain the color.
Whenever you style the Bonsai plant, you need to take care of the special areas like canopies, form pads, and long sweeping limbs.
Bougainvillea Bonsai prefers deep watering, i.e. regular watering every three to four weeks. Whenever you plant a Bougainvillea, make sure that you water it regularly, and the soil is damp as well.
It is essential that you choose an ideal container for your Bonsai. Look for a round or a rectangular pot that goes with the shape of your plant. However, the round pot should be 1/3rd of your plant’s height, and the rectangular one should be 2/3rd of it.
Irrespective of the fact, whether you are planting it inside or outside, the depth of the container should also be equal to the diameter of the plant.
Bougainvillea Bonsai prefer a fair amount of organic matter in the soil. The soil that you use should at least contain 40% of it. However, the inorganic part of the soil should consist of coarse sand, agricultural pumice, decomposed granite, or different portions of all the above.
Pests and Diseases
This plant is mostly pest free, but they are somewhat vulnerable to aphids and a bit of black spot fungus.
Use Of Fertilizers
During the spring, low nitrogen fertilizer should be used in the plant. The plant will have more blooming if the content of potassium is more than the Nitrogen in it. You can also make the soil acidic by adding the azalea fertilizer to it.
Out of all the tropical species used for Bonsai, Bougainvillea will grow and will give you one of the most impressive displays for your home decor.