Phalaenopsis orchid care

Phalaenopsis Orchid is famous by the name of ‘beginner’s orchid’ because of its hardy nature and the ability to survive in intense weather. It’s also known as ‘Moth Orchid’ or ‘phal’ in short and is sure to please anyone with its wonderful beauty. Under proper care and attention, these exotic colored indoor plants can be in full blossom for a long time. The propagating and pruning of Phalaenopsis Orchid is also comparatively easy compared to other orchids.

Phalaenopsis prefers a bright light with temperature from 65 to 85 degrees F. A 40% to 70% humid atmosphere with any typical potting mix is ideal for these plants. Phals have wing-shaped leaves that add more to the beauty of them. They should be placed near the window where they can receive soft sunlight.

Varieties of Phalaenopsis Orchid

Though there are approximately 60 or more species in the Phalaenopsis genus, only a few types are grown and cultivated. The common Phalaenopsis orchids are:

Phalaenopsis Amabilis

Native to Sumatra and Java, Phalaenopsis amabilis is a fine, vigorous and easy-to-care plant for the beginners. They grow best in moderately warm climates. Most of the hybrid Phalaenopsis are derived from this species.

Phalaenopsis Aphrodite

This plant is endemic to the northern Philippines and southeastern Taiwan. It blossoms in winter & autumn, and flowers are white with a purplish flush. Leaves are elliptic-oblong in shape and deep green on the top side. The leaves can be up to 15 inches long and 3.5 inches wide.

Phalaenopsis Sanderiana

Unlike other Phalaenopsis, this plant seems to grow in offseason, from mid-summer to late of it. Flowers are comparatively smaller than other ‘Phal’ species and blossom in white with diverging degrees of pink glaze at the edges of the petals and sepals.

Phalaenopsis Appendiculata

Native to Malaysia, Phalaenopsis appendiculata is a small sized plant that blooms colorfully patterned flowers. This plant has been recognized recently and can be easily grown in-house.

Steps to Ensure Proper Care for Phalaenopsis Orchid

  • Know your Plant

The basic step is to identify that you have a Phalaenopsis Orchid in your garden. There are a few features that this plant possess. Phals consist of with 3 to 6 leaves from where the flower blooms. Flower have 2-4 inches diameter and can grow in any color. So, make it confirm that you have this amazing orchid at your home. Because not all orchids are created equal, and people often confuse them due to the numerous types of orchid plants available in the market.

  • Avoid Over-Watering

The key cause of phals’ fading or death is over-watering. You should water them just once a week because Phalaenopsis are epiphytic plants which can survive easily in drought as well. Before watering them, check the soil with your finger and in case the soil feels wet, avoid watering. The best time to water is in the morning.  While watering, prevent water from getting on the leaves because it may kill the delicate leaves.

  • Keep in a humid place

This plant should be placed in any indoor humid place like washrooms as they are tropical plants. Use a tray of pebbles or small stones filled with water to raise humidity around your plants. Spray water around the aerial roots to keep them moist.

  • Light

Placing the Phalaenopsis Orchid plant under direct sunlight can burn their leaves.  They should be placed where they are never exposed to intense sunlight. They need mild light to grow properly. For example, early morning light is considered the best to grow its lively leaves and flowers.

  • Temperature

Phalaenopsis Orchid plants cannot grow well during too hot or too cold temperature. It requires a moderate temperature to flourish. So, a temperature between 70 to 80 degrees F is considered optimal for its growth. In fluctuating temperature, the buds ready-to-open could drop.

  • Nourishments

Like humans and other living beings, plants also require proper nourishing to grow into a blooming one. So, feed your Phalaenopsis Orchid plant with some tree food once a month. Use any balanced orchid fertilizer (typically 20-20-20 in fertilizer grade). Fertilizers that contain urea is harmful to Phalaenopsis.

  • The Best Kind of Phalaenopsis Orchid

When you go to buy Phalaenopsis Orchid for your home decor, try to buy only those with big and thick roots and glowing leaves. These ones will be the fresh and healthy ones and will be easy to bloom with proper care.

Useful Facts about Phalaenopsis Orchid

Phalaenopsis Orchid is used to develops different hybrid orchids related to same and different species but with specific genera.

  • A well-growing orchid blooms twice during a year. Make a wise decision while buying an orchid and select only that one which is at full bloom during the buying period.
  • The flowering period of Phalaenopsis Orchid persists as far as six to ten weeks.
  • In the case of re-potting Phalaenopsis Orchid, it may not bloom flowers till a year because it is disturbed from its original place. Phalaenopsis Orchid should be bought along with their pots than with a bare root because replanting them may take long to bloom flowers again. Or you should repot them just at the end of the flowering period.

Special Tips for Phalaenopsis Orchid Lovers

  • The beginning of the autumn season is very special for Phalaenopsis Orchid because that’s the time when an orchid plant unfolds its full beauty with blooming flowers. A secret tip to gain an orchid flower spike is a slight drop in the temperature during the night time. 62 to 64-degree temperature during night hours is considered the best temperature to make an orchid to develop a spike.
  • The best time to place the plant indoor is when the spike starts to bloom.
  • Cutting the bloomed orchid’s spikes will give birth to new flowers within 8 to 12 weeks.
  • Try to use transparent pot for planting Phalaenopsis Orchid because it will give you an accurate idea that when the plant’s roots require some water.

Conclusion

If you possess a Phalaenopsis Orchid, you have already stepped in the wonderful world of beautiful orchids! Phals are one of the finest and easiest orchid plants to grow in the home. If you just maintain a few basic guidelines, these plants will shower you with several months of beautiful blooms.

How to grow Turmeric

Turmeric is a yellow colored herb used as a spice in Asia. It is best known as the yellow spice in the Indian cuisines. Turmeric is a tropical crop and is usually grown outdoors in the plant beds. The herb grows best in the warm climates, but cannot tolerate low temperatures.

Turmeric is different from other Asian herbs. You harvest the roots of the plant instead of leaves. It takes almost ten months to grow the crop. This post explains how to grow the turmeric crop in your garden.

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Growing the turmeric

The turmeric plant does not produce seeds, so you need to get its roots from the market. You can use the roots to grow the sprouts, or you can buy them from a nursery or online store. Once you get a rhizome or root, you can easily plant the root. You can plant the roots by burying them 2 to 3 inches below the potting soil in a container or plant bed.

If the root has knobs or buds, plant it in a way that they face upwards in the soil. Sprinkle some water to keep the ground moist but not too wet; otherwise, the roots may rot. The roots may take a month to sprout. The best time to plant the roots in the late fall.

Planting

The months of September and October are the best to plant the turmeric plants. Plant the rhizomes 6 to 7 inches deep in the soil on the ridges or in the pots. Plant the roots 30 to 40 cm or 15 inches apart as the roots will grow sprouts.

The rhizomes need sunlight and moisture to sprout and grow. Plant them where they can receive direct sunlight and sprinkle the water regularly to keep the soil moist but not too wet. Some rhizomes have many buds; you can cut them into pieces and make more roots.

Garden beds or pots

You can plant the turmeric plants in both the garden bed or pots as you like. If you live in a location where the temperature is moderate, it is good to plant turmeric in the garden beds. However, in the areas where the temperature usually remains low, it is better to plant them in pots.

The main advantage of growing turmeric in pots is that you can move the containers to sunlight and indoors as required.  Planting in pots is also beneficial in locations that receive heavy rainfall as the roots may get rot due to excessive water in the garden.

Maintenance and care

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Turmeric needs proper care like watering, fertilization, and protection from pests. Let’s check out how to take care of your turmeric plants.

Watering

Turmeric plants need consistent and adequate watering. Use a sprinkler to water the roots or plants. It is best to water them when the soil becomes slightly dry as over-watering may slow down the growth. They need more frequent watering if grown in the soil mixed with sand or in a low humidity area.

Fertilizing

You can use a general purpose vegetable fertilizer for turmeric plants. It is important to fertilize near the base of the shoots, but not close to stems. If the leaves of plants become yellow or burn at the ends, they are the signs of over-fertilization or overwatering.

Harvesting the turmeric

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You can harvest the turmeric plants after 8 to 10 months of planting. The yellowing of leaves or drying of the stem is the sign of mature turmeric plants. You need to dig up the complete plants with the roots. Wash the soil from the roots with fresh water and keep some rhizomes for replanting in the next season.

 

 

 

 

 

How to grow bulbs in vases

As the spring season begins, bulbs and bushes start blooming in the gardens. However, some people love to plant bulbs in the vases for indoors. There are many varieties of bulbs that you can grow in the vases, such as tulips, daffodils, crocus, lilies are a few to name.

There are specific vases available in the market that you can purchase, but you can also plant them in the regular jars. Only the thing that matters is the bulb you plant should fit inside the vase.

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Growing bulbs in the vases

Growing the bulbs in vases is easier than you think. The fits step for planting the bulbs is to prepare the vessel. Any jar is suitable for growing the bulbs, but using a glass vase allows you to see the roots develop. If the jar is large enough, you add two or more bulbs to grow.

If you want to plant a single bulb in a jar, make sure that the jar has a diameter of 4 inches. If you want to plant two or more bulbs, use a bigger jar that can accommodate the roots of multiple bulbs.

Cold and Sleepy time

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Some bulbs like hyacinths and tulips need some time in the dark and cold place before you put them in the vases. Read the instructions on the packet or ask a landscape professional about the time they require to keep in a cool place. After the cooling is done, put the soil or water in the jar and place the bulb in the same with pointed tip upwards.

Make sure you place the bulbs properly in the water or soil with only the pointed tip left out. The partially dipped bulbs in water may rot within a few days. Therefore it is essential to take care that the bulbs are placed correctly in the water or soil.

Selecting the bulbs 

It is essential to choose the right bulbs to get the full blooms. Larger the bulb you select, bigger will be the blooms you get. If you select the smaller bulbs, you will get small blooms.  Make sure you choose the right size and healthy bulbs that can grow into full-size flowers.

Place in the sunshine

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If you plan to plant the beads in the water, you can also add some glass beads to the water. You need to place the vases in the sunshine to let the bulbs get proper temperature and humidity. You should not put them in the direct sunlight, but in a room with indirect but bright sunlight.

Roots will find their way through the beads into the water. Also, top up the water every three days to maintain the optimum level.

Options for growing bulbs

You can buy potted bulbs from a garden or plant nursery, but you should choose the ones that have not bloomed. Empty the pots and shake off all the soil from the bulbs, but make sure you do not harm the tender roots.

You can also use fresh water to wash the soil from the bulbs. Then trim the roots with a blade and place them in the vases with glass beads. If you don’t like glass beads, you can add pebbles or bright coloured marbles to get a better view of the growing roots.

Final Words

Bulbs in the vases need more care and attention than in the garden. It is best to transplant the bulbs into the soil after they bloom fully. Doing this prepares them for the outdoor flowering next year. Every bulb should be planted in the vases only once.

Growing Shasta daisies

Gardening experts around the world have shared many tips on growing daisies, particularly the glorious Shasta Daisies. These delightful summer flowers are unanimously revered for their year-round foliage and ‘summer to fall’ blooms. They add lightness and density to all garden types. The fact that they are easy to grow and nurture makes these flowers even more appealing.

Shasta Daisies possess the classical white petals with a yellow middle. There are around 20,000 types of plants in the daisy family and Shasta Daisies are one of the prettiest of Daisies. They also produce almost exponential blooms each year and are perfect for filling the bare spots in your garden beds.

Evolution of Shasta Daisies

In 1901, Luther Burbank introduced the Shasta Daisy to America following 17 years of development. He called this hybrid Mt. Shasta. There have now been many new varieties of the Shasta Daisy created over the last 100 years.

The incarnation began as Burbank loved the wild daisies which grew near his family home in Massachusetts. These daisies originally came from New England and were a common feature in English cottage garden. Inspired by these daisies, Burbank planted the seeds of another similar daisy, the Oxeye Daisy, on his land in Santa Rosa. The Oxeye Daisy is a roadside wildflower which spreads very easily and is also tolerant of extreme weather.

Burbank decided to pollinate them with the English Field Daisy which has larger flowers. Then the best of these were scattered with Portuguese field daisy pollen and bred for 6 years.  More than a half million flowers were grown, and the resulting daisies which were developed had extremely large and beautifully formed blooms on sturdy plants.

Next, he produced the most promising of these with pollen from the Japanese Field Daisy. The seedlings grew larger flowers that were very white floating on vigorous plants.

These new incarnations came to fruition in 1901. They were an entirely new species and named after California’s sparkling white ‘Mount Shasta,’ officially known as Leucanthemum x superbum – the Shasta Daisy.

Some Facts about Shasta Daisies

  • The original name of this beauty was Chrysanthemum x superbum. They are now known as ‘Leucanthemum x.’
  • Shasta daisies have an especially long blooming period.
  • Daisies bloom in clumps of white flowers with a yellow middle and glossy dark foliage.
  • They range from a few inches to three feet tall
  • The plants have the potential to last for years
  • Daisies are one of April’s birth flowers
  • They symbolize innocence and hope due to their pure white color and classic look
  • Shasta Daisies attract butterflies which makes the plant more fascinating!

Growing Tips and Tricks:

  • Directly sow seeds outdoors after frosty environment danger has passed and the soil begins to warm.
  • Daisies like rich, well-drained soil. When planting for the first time, mix compost into the planting pot or garden bed.
  • Fertile soil is a must for growing Shasta daisies. Remember, fertile soil is full of nutrients like potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium, sulfur, iron and magnesium. You need to loosen the soil to a depth of 12 – 15 inches and mix in some compost.  
  • Place the daisies in light shade or a sunny position but not in full shade.
  • Keep soil moist especially during hot, dry seasons.
  • Water thoroughly but don’t water.
  • Overwatering could make the roots soggy. If you’re growing the daisies in pots, make sure your pots
  • Add mulch around the plants with leaves, bark, hay, wood chips or straw. This will assist in cooling the soil.
  • Staking plants is sometimes required, especially when grown in partial shade.
  • Shasta daisies need regular pruning to prolong the blooming. Regular deadheading can increase the daisy blooming time by a couple of weeks to months.
  • Daisies are rarely bothered by insects and disease. Generally, these plants do not need insecticides or fungicides. Still, if problems occur, treat early with insecticidal soap.

Pruning of Shasta Daisies

Pruning is quite important for daisies. While pruning, cut the flowers when they begin to face instead of when they’re completely spent. You should cut the individual stems back to the base of the plant where it meets the foliage, especially for daisy varieties that produce single stems, such as the Shasta. If all the blooms have already dropped, cut the entire plant back to the base of the plant. This will assist to stimulate new growth and then result in additional flowering.

Ongoing care

Shasta daisies require very low maintenance. Nevertheless, there are some steps you can take to ensure your plant longevity as well as the flowering time. Every spring, apply some compost and mulch to help control weeds and build up the fertility of the soil.

 

Final Note

Shasta Daisies -a simple yet cheery inclusion for every garden – are popular on many continents.  From the beginner to the more experienced gardeners, the rewards from these pretty blooms far outweigh the small steps it takes to maintain these classic flowers. 

Snake plant care

Snake Plant is renowned for its adaptable nature, a variety of species as well as an array of usages. Due to their amazing hardiness and striking lines, this plant is hard to kill and hot favorite to people who can’t keep anything green alive. This diehard plant can put up with almost anything in anywhere whether you grow them in your garden, balcony or other indoor spaces.

Snake Plant is generally known as Sansevieria though some people call it ‘mother-in-law’s tongue’ because of the shape and sharp margins of its leaves. This spiky beauty is adored for its bold and tough looks, pointed leaves and the amazing quality of purifying its surrounding air.

Varieties

Snake plants have approximately 70 species to choose from. You can see them in all shapes and colors – dwarf or tall, with flat, round or concave leaves, colored with dark green, light green, gold, silver, yellow, chartreuse, black or white. The most popular snake plant species are Black Robusta, Futura Robusta, Futura Superba, Cylindrica, Golden Flame, Gold Hahnii, Moonshine, etc.

Snake Plant Care

Though snake plant is easy to grow and can be neglected for weeks, you must not be oblivious to its care. After all, proper care is what will make your plant thrive and shine. So familiarize yourself with the plant’s basic needs and preferences.

Water

If you’re someone who tends to forget about his/her plant due to traveling or any other reason, this is the number 1 tip for you. Water your snake plant at an interval of 2 to 6 weeks, considering your home temperature and humidity. Make sure the soil gets completely dry before each watering session. Remember, overwatering can rot out your plant.

Light

Though snake plants like medium light ( a 10′ placement from south or west window), they can endure high and low light as well. How tolerant plants they are! Just don’t expose them to direct sunlight because that could burn out the plants.

Air Circulation

Snake plants don’t bother the stale or dry in a home or office environment. They can even survive in the bathroom where the moisture level is quite high. Another cool quality that makes the plant ‘diehard.’

Temperature

These plants can tolerate a long range of high and low temperatures. However, snow and frost are the key culprits to kill a snake. So, make sure you get your plant indoors if the temperature seems to decrease too low

Insects

Although Sansevierias are highly insect-resistant, they can be caught up by spider mites or mealybugs if you leave them in poor condition. If you get any bug, you should spray the plant with a water hose – this will blast off the insects and their eggs. Don’t use chemicals to get rid of the bugs. Try natural control like neem oil, horticultural oil or insecticidal soap.

Propagation

Snake plants are rapid growers and very easy to propagate. Once you get a plant, you will never need to purchase another one. You can propagate a sansevieria plant by division, by the rhizomes which spread and by leaf cutting. In a garden, these plants typically proliferate on their own through underground rhizomes. In a pot, you should try division method followed by leaf cuttings.

Soil

The soil nutrition requirement is quite easy for snake plants. As root rot is the key threat to these plants, you should use the soil with a good drainage system.

Fertilizer

Well… snake plants don’t need fertilizer. You can feed them during the spring season with a coating of worm compost and compost. If you really need to fertilize them, use an all-purpose houseplant fertilizer; that is also not more than 2 times in one season.

Transplanting

Never hurry to transplant your sansevierias. These plants actually grow better when you put them in a pot. You can repot your plant in every 2 to 5 years time period. Light intensity and duration affect the growth of snake plant. So, If you put your plants in the low light, you can transplant them conveniently every 5 to 10 years.

Toxicity

Snake plants are mildly toxic to pets and can cause nausea, salivation, vomiting, and diarrhea in them. Though the leaves of snake plant aren’t crunchy and appealing to pets, you should keep them away from chewing the plant.

Flowers

Some varieties of snake plants do flower. However, this is a rare phenomenon, and there’s is no certainty that you’d see flowers in your snake plants. If you happen to see so, don’t forget to savor the sweet smell and whitish beauty of the petals.

If you’re looking to freshen up your space with some delightful foliage, be sure to check out snake plants. Their strong, architectural, sassy appearance adds quite a charm in any indoor place.

How to make an herb garden for cooking

herbs garden for cooking

Herbs are essential for cooking. They can make a simple dish flavourful and interesting. They are also healthier replacements for processed ingredients that you can buy in the supermarket these days. The only problem though is certain herbs are hard to find, and some are seasonal. They can be costly as well.

So growing your own herbs is a practical way to save money and to ensure you have fresh herb anytime you need it. If you want to start your own herb garden for cooking and don’t know where to start – then this guide is for you.

herbs garden for cooking
Image by Pixabay

Choose your selections of herb

Before starting your own herb garden, select first which herbs do you need. There’s no hard rule on selecting herbs. The most important thing is to start with something that’s handy, and you can use often.

To give you an idea, below are the easiest herbs to grow in your garden and their uses.

Basil

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Image by Pixabay

Basil is a culinary herb belonging to mint family and is used for different cuisines worldwide. It is an essential ingredient for Italian and Mediterranean cuisines. It is a versatile ingredient and is known as the base for pesto, and it works well with pizza, salad, and sandwiches. Vinegar, oil, and dressings can be made from basil too.

Mint

Mint is another popular herb famed for its flavor. It is known to complement drinks and can be made as a stand-alone low-calorie drink. It is a great source of vitamins and minerals and known to aid digestion problems.

Dill

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Image by Pixabay

Dill is an aromatic annual herb of the celery family. It is another versatile herb that is good for soup, salads, cream cheese, pickles and as an ingredient for drinks. It has a piquant fragrance that reflects on its flavor. It is most popular in Central Asia and Northern and Eastern Europe.

Parsley

Parsley is one of the most common herbs used for garnishing. It is also known for boosting the taste of a dish without adding an unhealthy amount of salt or sugar. It also a good source of vitamins, minerals and is known to have the highest concentrations of Myricetin. It’s a flavonoid that helps prevent certain cancers.

Thyme

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Image by Pixabay

Thyme is a popular herb that compliments soups, stews, meats, and sauces well. It is an herb of the mint family. It has subtle minty flavor and dry aroma. The uses for thyme extend to its health benefits including antibacterial properties and acne-fighting ingredients. Storing thyme is not a problem. You can either freeze it or dry it to use for future cooking.

Cilantro

Cilantro is also known as coriander or Chinese parsley and considered as one of the oldest herbs in history. It is used mostly for salads, pasta, stir-fry, soups, chutneys, and stews. It also a good source of several vitamins, minerals, and antibacterial properties.

Lemongrass

A personal favorite, lemongrass is an herb known for its subtle lemony aroma and citrus flavor. It is a popular ingredient for Southeast Asian cuisines. Lemongrass is a popular stuffing for anything roasted. A glass of lemongrass tea will also change the way you look at tea.

Where to plant herbs

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Image by Pixabay

You can plant most of these herbs in a pot in your garden. If you don’t have a garden or has limited space, you can also place the pots in a balcony, window chills or any space in your kitchen where the plants can get sunlight. Most herbs are low maintenance plants, and they don’t require too much space to grow.

What do you need

  • herb seeds/ plants
  • small size pots
  • well-drained potting soil
  • compost
  • trowel

How do you make an herb garden for cooking

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Image by Pixabay

The process of planting herb is easy even for beginners. Below are the step-by-step process of making an herb garden for cooking.

1. Choose the herbs that you will often use as a starter.

2. Select a location where you can place your herb containers or pots. Make sure the herbs get at least 6 hours of sunshine so place it in a south-facing window to get enough sunlight if you are planning to place it indoor. Like all the plants, they thrive better with an adequate supply of sunlight. If it’s winter, use fluorescent lights as alternative light.

3. Prepare the soil. Fill the container with potting mix. Herbs grow better in the well-drained soil so make sure to choose the proper soil for your herbs. Add compost to supplement the soil nutrients and for the herbs to grow better and faster. Make sure to use individual containers/ pots for each herb, so it gets specific care that it needs.

4. Sow seeds. Each herb has a different planting depth so check the seed packets for instructions.

5. Water the seeds right away after sowing.

Proper care for the herb garden

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1. Some herbs require watering every 2 to 3 days while others require daily especially for the herbs planted outside. To ensure that the herbs get proper care, always check the soil. If the soil is getting dry, then it’s time to water the plants.

2. Contrary to popular belief, herbs don’t die when you harvest from it often. In fact, it encourages the growth of the plants. So try to harvest as often as possible.

3. Remove weeds occasionally.

 

 

How to grow and care for Juniper bonsai?

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Did you know that one of the most popular Bonsai trees available is the Juniper Bonsai Tree?

Native to Middle East, Asia, India, Europe, North America, and South America, Juniper Bonsai is the member of Cypress family and have about 170 species. They belong to the category of hardy plants and can also be found in a variety of temperatures, except for the places with extreme cold and heat.

Juniper Bonsai comes in a diverse variety of shapes, and its leaves vary, from yellow to green, dark green, and even some light blue-green as well. Moreover, there is a wide variety of Juniper Bonsai that can be divided into four categories:

  • Dwarf Juniper: Grows up to 4’
  • Small Juniper: Small Junipers Bonsai grows up to 6 feet.
  • Ground Cover Juniper: These Junipers Bonsai grow up to 1 ½ tall and are best for gardens, ground cover, border edging, and more.
  • Large Juniper: Large Junipers Bonsai grow up to 25 feet.

 

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How To Grow Juniper Bonsai?

 Juniper Bonsai is easy to grow and a low maintenance plant.

To grow Juniper Bonsai, dig a hole twice as the size of the root ball. Mix some rich compost and then remove the rooted plant from the container. Set the plants in a hole and spread the outer roots a little. Tamp down the soil, fill in the hole, and water 2-3 times for a couple of weeks.

Keep the weeds down and add the additional fertilizer if the overall quality of the soil is poor. Moreover, you should grow your Juniper Bonsai in a location where it can receive more than 4 hours of sunlight every day. This plant can also withstand both drought and dry soil conditions.

However, you need to remember that growing Juniper Bonsai in containers will retard their growth. They grow much better in the regular garden soil.

But in case, if you grow them in pots, the plant under the age of 10 years should be repotted every two years. Those plants over the age of 10 years should be re-potted every four years.

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When To Grow Juniper Bonsai?

 The best time to sow the Juniper Bonsai seeds is autumn. Whenever you sow a seed in autumn, the seedling has full summers to grow once it starts to germinate in early spring.

The Juniper Bonsai Trees are easiest to care for, and also serve as an excellent choice for the one who is new to the world of Juniper Bonsai. Moreover, with the just right amount of humidity, light, and water, this plant can thrive in any conditions.

 

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Care Guidelines For Juniper Bonsai

Care of Juniper Bonsai might seem difficult at first, but here are few guidelines that will help you to take care of Juniper Bonsai with ease.

Position: Place the tree outside around the year and on a bright spot where it can get lots of sunlight.

 Soil Requirements: You can use a commercially prepared soil for Juniper Bonsai. You can also use your own soil or use a suitable potting mix that has equal parts of sand, clay, perlite and ground pine bark.

To improve the soil drainage, you can mix stones, rocks, and other large particles in the soil.

 Watering: The Juniper Bonsai roots don’t prefer soil wetness so be careful that you don’t water this plant much. However, you need to mist the tree regularly, especially after the tree has been repotted.

Wiring: Junipers should be heavily wired when they are young. They look their best with the twisted shapes, but you should wrap them for extra protection.

 Pruning: Pruning a plant means to trim the ground parts, but with a Juniper Bonsai plant, you also need to prune its roots as well. And pruning should be done regularly to maintain the shape and health of the plant.

You can also wire them to shape them in the desired pattern.

 For Propagation: Use its seeds and cuttings.

Apart from following the above guidelines, look for the mites and pests on your plant. If you spot any of them, rinse the foliage with warm water or spray a mild insecticide for three weeks.

Moreover, it is important that you don’t let the foliage pads get dense as pests settle more easily on wet plants.

Arrowhead plants: how to grow and care for this plant in containers

Looking to enhance your indoor garden? Well, look no further than the beautiful Arrowhead Plant.

Arrowhead Plant is known by a variety of names and is known as Arrowhead Vine, Synovium, Nephthytis, Five Fingers, and American Evergreen. It has withstood the test of time and is considered as one of the best houseplants.  This plant grows out as a solid green plant and has green and white colored leaves with the distinct shades of green and pink. The leaves of this plant always come in the shape of an arrowhead.

These plants, when young are pretty full and make an attractive choice for side tables, coffee tables, bedside, and other surfaces. As this plant comes with the colored foliages, they add both edge and interest to your décor. For augmenting the appeal of your space, you can also let it grow alone or keep it mixed with other plants too.

Arrowhead is a great choice for décor and here is how to care and grow this plant in containers.

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Arrowhead Growing Guide

The arrowhead plant serves as a great container plant for indoor and balcony spaces or gardens that don’t get light directly from the sun. You should only allow southern exposure from the sunlight inside your surroundings as this plant can get bleached in the direct sun. This plant is winter hardy in Florida and grows very well as a houseplant in all other states which have the US hardiness zones 10 and 11.

You will have to water this plant as the surface starts to dry. But make sure that you only moist the plant and not wet it completely. Its proper care requires humid conditions. So, spray little droplets of water daily or place the container in a tray that is filled up with water and pebbles.

Fertilizing is not mandatory. However, you can always use a houseplant fertilizer in spring or summer season as it is not required to be fertilized in winters. Furthermore, you can prune it according to your convenience.

Arrowhead Plant Propagation

This plant propagates from its roots, cuttings, and air layering. The root structure of this plant is quite extensive and also becomes invasive, even in a container environment. It is recommended that you should cut off the foliage and steps as they develop.

If you want it to re-pot; just divide the root, and you are good to go.

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Arrowhead Care Instructions

The overall care of this plant is quite easy. But lack of essential nutrients in light, soil, and the entire growing process may retard the growth of the plant. Its growth also slows down in the winter months, but with these care instructions, you can let the plant grow effectively.

  • Light:

    Arrowhead plants need a medium to low lighting. If your plant starts yellowing, it is a sign that it is receiving too much light.

  • Temperature:

    This plant is known to grow best in the temperatures between 16 degrees Celsius and 24 degrees Celsius. The temperatures below 10 degree Celsius kill the plant.

  • Pot Size:

    These plants grow their best when they are bound to their roots. Do not rush them to the next size container and ensure that there are drop holes at the bottom.

  • Soil:

    These plants prefer rich organic soil that drains well. However, an African violet mix serves as a good choice.

  • Pests:

    Keep an eye on spider mites and mealy bugs. If you see any of them, you can treat them by spraying isopropyl alcohol.

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Arrowhead Flowering Conditions

It is unusual for these plans to produce flowers. But when flowers appear, they are the green and white blooms.

What Do You Need To Remember?

Keep the growth tips and long runners pruned so that you can use them on the indoor tables. If you leave these plants untrimmed, they make beautiful indoor plants and enhance the overall aura of your space. Moreover, the leaves of this plant change its shape as it matures.  It begins with an arrowhead shape and then grows into the three to five finger sections.

These plants are highly poisonous so it should be kept away from pets and children.

What to know about Baby’s Tears: planting, growing and care tips

Baby’s Tears with its round tiny apple-green leaves cascading down to the slender, threadlike stems makes an appealing addition to any garden or pot.

Also famed as Soleirolia Soleiroli, Mind-Your-Own-Business and Irish Moss, this fast-growing evergreen plants spills beautifully over the sides of a pot or container.

Originated from the western Mediterranean islands, this ground-hugging plant makes a perfect mound of foliage, and with enough light, it can even bless you with tiny white flowers.

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However, this mosslike, creeping plant can dry out quickly without enough care and attention. Whether you want it to grow it as an indoor plant in a terrarium or container, or under benches in a greenhouse, a lot of care is required to keep it alive.

Here are some helpful tips to plant, grow and care for the plant to make it last for years.

Planting Tips

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Plant it in a well-aerated, quick draining soil

The well-aerated, quick-draining potting soil with a good amount of peat moss is ideal for planting these delicate-looking foliage plants.

Use moist soil

Although the tiny strands of baby tears look delicate, it roots readily in moist soil. Lure out individual stems with some of their roots attached.

Dig a hole that is 2 times larger than the root ball in the soil and deep enough to keep the plant at the same level as the soil level in the container. Then set the plant in the hole and dribble a little soil over it.

Water well

Once you plant the baby’s tear, gently press the soil down and pour enough water to prevent the drying of the plant.

Growing Tips

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Provide medium to high humidity

Medium to high humidity is ideal for growing the moisture loving plant. If you want to boost the moisture in the air, keep it in a more humid room like a kitchen or bathroom.

Or you can just place it on a saucer of pebbles and water with the pot resting atop the pebbles. You can even group it with other houseplants or keep a small humidifier near it increase the moisture content.

Keep it in Normal room temperature

Place the plant in normal household temperatures or a little cooler to promote its growth. Normally 60°-75° is good for the plant.  Even a light frost can dry the plant, but it soon rejuvenates upon the return of spring.

Fertilize in every 2 week

It is better to fertilize the Baby’s Tears plant in the spring and summer when it is growing. A houseplant fertilizer diluted to half of the recommended strength is ideal for growing the plant.

Let it have bright indirect light but no direct sun

Shade or part shade is best for the bay’s tear plant. While growing indoor, keep it in a bright window but make sure it does not receive direct sun.

The golden and variegated baby’s tears are more susceptible to browning and burning from the direct sun exposure. This creeping fig prefers a bright, indirect light so shade this plant from hot afternoon sun while planting it outdoor.

Provide ample horizontal room

As the plant tends to grow aggressively with its creeping stems if not outright invasive, make sure to offer ample horizontal space for the plant to grow.

Caring Tips

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Prune it occasionally

Snip off the faded blooms carefully or remove entire flower stalk once the blooming period is over. Removing old flower helps the plant utilize its energy on vigorous growth instead of seed production.

Trim the foliage through the season to eradicate damaged or discolored leaves, or to maintain its shape and fullness.

Don’t overdo the watering

The soil should be kept moist but make sure it is never soggy as if the soil stays too wet, it can rot the stems.

Daily watering for a couple of weeks is recommended for the new plants, but after that, it should be shifted to every two or three days depending on the weather and soil type.

Protection from pests

As these delicate looking plants are susceptible to whitefly, scale, and Aphids, so give attention and take proper care to prevent the damage.

There you go!

Just give a decent amount of light, high humidity, abundant water and occasional trimming and watch these stunning plants living happily for a long time.

 

How to grow lemon trees in a pot

lemon tree

Lemon is a popular fruit that people use for a variety of reasons. We use it for cooking, drinks, as a cleaning agent and as part of our beauty regimen. Lemons are also a good source of vitamins and nutrients. Its benefits are endless that it becomes an essential part of our grocery shopping list.

If you use lemon a lot, then growing lemon trees at home is a practical way to save money. Growing this citrus fruit is also not that hard. You can also plant the lemon tree in a pot or container. And if space is a problem, then growing lemons indoor is also possible.

Here is a complete guide on how to grow lemon trees in a pot.

lemon drink
Pixabay

Which variety of lemon trees is best to grow in a pot?

Meyer and variegated pink Eureka are varieties of the lemon family that are both suitable for containers and indoor. These lemon varieties don’t grow too high. They also both produce fruits all year round, especially when grown in a warm climate.

Meyer lemon is also sweeter than the regular lemon and is known as the easiest lemon tree to grow indoor. Eureka lemon, on the other hand, is more acidic than Meyer lemon. But like the rest of citrus family, both are sensitive to cold weather that it can’t survive below 20 degrees Fahrenheit for temperature.

What do you need?

  • A two-to three-year-old lemon tree that you can buy from a local nursery. You can also start with the seeds but it takes longer to see the tree grows. Lemon trees start producing fruits between 3 to 5 years old. So if you want to cut down the waiting time, selecting a plant that produces fruits in a shorter time is a better choice.
  • A medium-sized pot with drainage holes. Depending on how fast it grows, you might have to change the pots every couple of years. Just make sure that it is always bigger than the root ball of the tree.
  • A supply of slow-release fertilizer or liquid fertilizers to make sure the lemon tree gets constant nutrients.
  • Slightly acidic potting mix.
  • A constant supply of water and sunshine.

How to transfer the lemon tree to a new pot

lemon tree in a pot
Pixabay

1. When you remove the lemon tree from its nursery pot, make sure to avoid breaking the roots. Take out the roots from the soil carefully. Massaging the roots before you transfer it to the new pot, also helps absorb nutrients faster.

2. Fill the pot halfway with soil mix. Then, position the tree upright and fill the pot with the rest of the soil mix. Make sure that no roots are exposed outside the soil. Also, avoid putting soil on the branches as it can cause fungal infections to the tree.

3. Water the lemon tree immediately after transferring it. The soil must be damp enough but not waterlogged. This way, the soil is habitable enough for the new tree to adapt.

Tips on how to grow the lemon trees properly

lemon tree
Image by Hans | Pixabay

Aftercare is an important part of growing a healthy lemon tree. To ensure that your tree will produce fruits, it is a must that you follow the tips below.

1. Water the lemon tree once to twice a week. Avoid overwatering or under watering the plant as it will affect the fruit production. The drainage holes in the pot help avoid overwatering. But keep in mind that it is important to keep the soil from drying. Check the soil every few days. Stick your finger on the soil to check if it’s dry. If you notice that the soil is a bit dry, then it is time to water the tree again.

2. Potted lemon trees produce better when it’s fertilized properly. Using slow-release fertilizer helps the plant gets constant nutrients. It is also more practical as part of the maintenance process as you only need to apply it once a year. However, if you want to control more the number of fertilizers, then applying nitrogen-rich fertilizers every few months will work too.

3. Lemon trees are sensitive to cold weather and strong wind. So avoid placing them in windy areas and put them where it can get at least 8 hours of sunshine every day. If you are going to place the tree indoor, make sure it is located near a window to get proper sunlight.